8. Creating a strategy
The Strategy Map and Planning Template on this page will ensure you're familiar with key tools specifically useful to you / your issue. Together they will help you inform or comprise a winning strategy.
WAIT - WHAT's A STRATEGY?
Skip to: Strategy map | Strategy template | Critical pathways
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The ultimate change you want to see in the world. Typically beyond our control, but within our influence.
e.g. more fulfilling and healthy lives for rural families in Southern India
The specific "piece" of the vision you are contributing to. This drives your actions, organisation, strategy etc.
e.g. people in Kerala live longer and contribute more to society / the economy
What will specifically change as a result of what you do
e.g. increased and more rewarding school attendance in one city state
The overarching process or "pathway" which will guarantee you deliver your impact and purpose. Also known as your "theory of change".
e.g. provide free school meals for all under 12s
E. ACTIVITIES / TACTICS / COMMUNICATIONS
The day-to-day actions and relationships which will see that your strategy is implemented.
e.g. fundraising, purchasing food, promoting the benefits to parents
F. REVIEW (or EVALUATION)
The ways you will check whether your strategy is having the desired impact, and if it really supports your purpose.
e.g. school register, parental feedback
HOW TO USE THE STRATEGY MAP
Work instinctively through the four questions below. As you go, jot down the tools that feel most relevant to you or your issue; then explore them by yourself or with a group of friends, colleagues, neighbours etc - as appropriate. Together they will help you clarify and test what you think you know. Use whatever you find out to complete our Strategy Planner template.
Note: If you've already gone through the Action Toolkit in detail you may have covered several of these already.
1. Where’s the problem & what’s mine to do?
2. What KIND OF ACTION COULD I TAKE?
(a) RESIST something
WHEN: if faced by clear threats to the common good...
(b) REFORM SOMETHING
WHEN: if the systems we are part of can feasibly be transformed...
(c) CREATE THE NEW
WHEN: if systems consistently fail to create change...
3. What’s my end goal?
(a) A Specific PIECE OF functional change
Explore our “Pathway” tool to map a logical pathway to achieve your goal, advancing advance one step at a time.
(b) A Broad [cultural] SWEEP OF change
IN BOTH CASES...
4. What resources do I need, in what order?
Inspiration, information, ideas
Encouragement and support
The Critical Pathway
All issues are complex, but if you are trying to motivate rather than educate you need to understand, create or anticipate the simple chain of events or messages that will lead to the achievable goal you want to see.
Think of a line of dominos. Work backwards from your end goal (red domino) to map each link in the chain of impact. Some may be falling already - leaving you free to start with what's most energising for you personally. If not - you'll need to give some energy to knocking down the first domino.
- Persevere with each stage - which may include several steps - until it is achieved.
- Resist the temptation to move onto (or send messages about) what lies ahead. This includes not trying to tell "the whole story", no matter how important it feels. It will only complicate things - for you and those you need to influence.
Our Strategy Planner includes a Critical Pathway template.
STAGES OF A PATHWAY
Critical paths can also be planned at different intersecting levels: for example, SCALE: how does it happen on your street; then in your neighbourhood; then across your city. Or STAGES: how do we engage our audience; then get them to pledge; then get them to act. In the example below of the Fair Trade movement's campaign to create a Fair Trade Nation in Scotland, the national stage could never have happened without first winning local commitments by communities across Scotland.